First, download your desired type of installer from here, then install it and fill in configuration options which suits you best. Based on the current selected cloudbase-init installer architecture, it’ll be available under C:\Program Files or C:\Program Files (x86) as Cloudbase Solutions\Cloudbase-Init directory. There, are located some folders of interest like:
- bin - Executable files and other binaries.
- conf - Configuration files holding miscellaneous options.
- log - Here are the cloudbase-init logs.
- LocalScripts - User supplied scripts.
- Python - Bundle of executable and library files to support Python scripts and core execution.
After install, cloudbase-init acts like a 2-step service which will read metadata using Services and will pass that to the executing Plugins, this way configuring all the supported things. Depending on the platform, some plugins may request reboots.
The System Preparation (Sysprep) tool prepares an installation of Windows for duplication, auditing, and customer delivery. Duplication, also called imaging, enables you to capture a customized Windows image that you can reuse throughout an organization. The Sysprep phase uses the “Unattend.xml” which implies the service to run using the “cloudbase-init-unattend.conf” configuration file.
In the chosen installation path, under the conf directory, are present two config files named “cloudbase-init.conf” and “cloudbase-init-unattend.conf”. These can hold various config options for picking up the desired available services and plugins ready for execution and also customizing user experience.
Explained example of configuration file:
[DEFAULT] # What user to create and in which group(s) to be put. username=Admin groups=Administrators inject_user_password=true # Use password from the metadata (not random). # Which devices to inspect for a possible configuration drive (metadata). config_drive_raw_hhd=true config_drive_cdrom=true # Path to tar implementation from Ubuntu. bsdtar_path=C:\Program Files (x86)\Cloudbase Solutions\Cloudbase-Init\bin\bsdtar.exe # Logging debugging level. verbose=true debug=true # Where to store logs. logdir=C:\Program Files (x86)\Cloudbase Solutions\Cloudbase-Init\log\ logfile=cloudbase-init-unattend.log default_log_levels=comtypes=INFO,suds=INFO,iso8601=WARN logging_serial_port_settings= # Enable MTU and NTP plugins. mtu_use_dhcp_config=true ntp_use_dhcp_config=true # Where are located the user supplied scripts for execution. local_scripts_path=C:\Program Files (x86)\Cloudbase Solutions\Cloudbase-Init\LocalScripts\ # Services that will be tested for loading until one of them succeeds. metadata_services=cloudbaseinit.metadata.services.configdrive.ConfigDriveService, cloudbaseinit.metadata.services.httpservice.HttpService, cloudbaseinit.metadata.services.ec2service.EC2Service, cloudbaseinit.metadata.services.maasservice.MaaSHttpService # What plugins to execute. plugins=cloudbaseinit.plugins.common.mtu.MTUPlugin, cloudbaseinit.plugins.common.sethostname.SetHostNamePlugin # Miscellaneous. allow_reboot=false # allow the service to reboot the system stop_service_on_exit=false
The “cloudbase-init-unattend.conf” configuration file is similar to the default one and is used by the Sysprepping phase. It was designed for the scenario where the minimum user intervention is required and it only runs the MTU and host name plugins, leaving the image ready for further initialization cases.
A complete list of config options can be found at Configuration options reference.
Cloudbase-init has the ability to execute user provided scripts, usually found in the default path C:\Program Files (x86)\Cloudbase Solutions\Cloudbase-Init\LocalScripts, through a specific plugin for doing it. Depending on the platform used, the files should be valid PowerShell, Python, Batch or Bash scripts. The userdata can be also a PEM certificate, in a cloud-config format or a MIME content. The user data plugin is capable of executing various script types and exit code value handling.
Based on their exit codes, you can instruct the system to reboot or even re-execute the plugin on the next boot:
- 1001 - reboot and don’t run the plugin again on next boot
- 1002 - don’t reboot now and run the plugin again on next boot
- 1003 - reboot and run the plugin again on next boot